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Inter Tropical Convergence Zone
General Topics

Books: [ menu ]

Aviation Weather: For Pilots and Flight Operations Personnel (revised 1975) Washington D.C.:U.S. Government Printing Office.

Goldstein, M. (2002), The Complete Idiot's Guide to Weather (2nd Edition) Indianapolis:Alpha Books.

Lutgens, F.K., Tarbuck, E.J. (2007), The Atmosphere: An Introduction to Meteorology (10th Edition) New Jersey:Pearson Prentice Hall.

Sánchez Pinzón, M. (2006), Boquete: Valley of the Eternal Rainbow ISBN:996-8816-6-8

Climate: [ menu ]

Climate (Wikipedia)

Climate data for David, Bocas del Toro and Los Naranjos-Boquete

El Niño - Basic Introduction - University of Illinois (very understandable)

El Niño Souther Oscillation (ENSO) Introduction (NOAA NWS online school)

El Niño (National Academies of Science)

El Niño (NOAA)

What is an El Niño? (NOAA)

What is La Niña? (NOAA) S

Current Conditions

El Niño-Southern Oscillation - ENSO (Wikipedia)


Resources on El Niño and La Niña (IRI)

Seasonal Climate Forecasts (IRI)

State of the Climate NOAA

Rainforests - Facts about Rainforests

Regional Monitoring (IRI Map Room)

Walker Circulation (Wkipedia)

World Climates

World Climate Data

World Weather Information Service of the WMO

Climate Change: [ menu ]

Climate Central

Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Science (pdf 14.67 MB)

Climate Progress

Dr. Stephen H. Schneider's Website

El Niño and Hurricanes (Dr. Jeff Masters)

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPCC Report 2009: Our Changing Planet (pdf 15.50 MB)

IPCC 2007 Report for Policy Makers on Climate Change (pdf 2.92 MB)

National Academy of Sciences Global Change Website

Scripps CO2 Program

The Discovery of Global Warming

Understanding and Responding to Climate Change NAS Report (pdf 4.9 MB)

Real Climate Website

Review of Michael Crichton's State of Fear by Dr. Jeffrey M. Masters

Temperature Trends in the Lower Atmosphere: Steps for Understanding and Reconciling Differences NOAA Final Report

Union of Concerned Scientists

U.S. Climate Change Science Program

Images: [ menu ]

Blue Marble Photos


Earthrise - That Photo

EPIC - Current Views of Earth

Intertropical Convergence Zone - Equator Image (NASA’s Earth Observatory)

NASA Visible Earth Images and Animations

NOAA Photo Library

Magazines: [ menu ]

NOAA Magazine



Manuals: [ menu ]

Federal Meteorological Handbook No. 1 - Surface Weather Observations and Reports

Navy Aerographer's Mate Weather Manuals

NWS Unified Surface Analysis Manual

Observers Handbook

Maps: [ menu ]

ACME Mapper

Google Earth

Illustrated Map of Boquete at CASA SOLUTION Real Estate

Maps at

Map of Longitude - Latitude Grid

Map of the Caribbean

Maps of Panama (Provinces and Roads)

Map of Province of Chiriqui, Panama

Map of the 6 Subdistricts of Boquete

Map of the World - Physical (pdf 4.5 MB)

Map of the World - Political (pdf 1.8 MB)

University of Texas Perry-Castaņeda Library Map Collection

World Gazetteer (World Statistics)

Panama: [ menu ]

Chiriqui Chatter Blog and Information

CIA World Fact Book on Panama

Panama Canal Authority Web Site


U.S. Department of State Information about Panama

Useful Information Sources for Living in Boquete

Library of Congress World Facts - Panama

Time and Astronomy: [ menu ] News and Information about the Sun-Earth Environment

U.S. Naval Observatory Data Services (various astronomy calculators)

World Clock

World Clock with Statistics

Monthly Sun and Moon Data for Panama (World Clock)

Weather Education: [ menu ]

NOAA Jetstream Online School for Weather

Section 14 Meteorological Applications The Remote Sensing Satellite Tutorial

Science Central Meteorology Section

University of Illinois Online Guides

Weather and Climate Course Outline by Dr. John Stimac

Weather (Wikipedia)

Weather Portal (Wikipedia)

Weather Resource Guide

Weather Topics and Definitions


Weather Mega Link Sites: [ menu ]

University of Michigan Weather Information Links

University of Washington Geophysics Seismology Links

Weather Services (Commercial or Private): [ menu ]

Accuweather (World)


Intellicast (Global)

UNISYS Weather (Hurricane)

Weather Underground

Weather Services (Government): [ menu ]

Gerencia de Hidrometeorología, Empresa de Transmisión Eléctrica, S.A.

National Data Buoy Center (NOAA)

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

National Weather Service (NWS)

World Meteorological Organization (WMO) World Weather Information Service


Specific Topics

Clouds: [ menu ]

Cloud Wikipedia

Clouds NOAA Jetstream Online School

Cloud Classification Chart NOAA Jetstream Online School


Earthquakes and Volcanoes: [ menu ]

How Volcanoes Work

Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS)

Learning the Basics about Earthquakes (NASA)

Magnitude Scales:

Modified Mercalli Scale (Wikipedia)

Richter Magnitude Scale (Wikipedia)

Map of Panama Faults (pdf file 1.05 MB)

This Dynamic Earth: The Story of Plate Tectonics

Smithsonian -- This Dynamic Planet

West live video cam of Volcan Baru

Volcan Baru on top 360° Sunrise Tour

Volcan Baru Eruptive History and Hazards Assessment Report (pdf file 3.65 MB)

Volcanoes -- Wikipedia

Hurricanes: [ menu ]

Atlantic Tropical Storm Tracking by Year (UNISYS)

Barometer Bob Show

National Hurricane Center FAQ

Hurricanes (Wikipedia)

NOAA Description of Saffir-Simpson Scale Categories

Saffir-Simpson Scale for Storm and Hurricane Classification

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale (multiple variables)

Tropical Cyclones (Wikipedia)

Tropical Waves (NOAA FAQS)

Tropical Waves (Wikipedia)

Wind Scale Charts

Wind Shear Tutorial (Dr. Jeff Masters)

Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ): [ menu ]

Chapter 15, "Tropical Weather" from Aviation Weather: For Pilots and Flight Operations Personnel (revised 1975) Washington D.C.:U.S. Government Printing Office. (download pdf file of chapter 15)

Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (Wikipedia)

Lightning: [ menu ]

NASA Global Hydrology Resource Center

NOAA Lightning Safety Information and Tips

Satellites: [ menu ]

Ackerman and Knox -- Interpreting Satellite Images

NOAA Jetstream Online School -- Satellite Imagery Information

Satellite Meteorology Naval Research Laboratory

Section 14 Meteorological Applications The Remote Sensing Tutorial (NASA)

Remote Sensing Tutorial NASA

Fundamentals of Remote Sensing Workbook (pdf download)

TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission) NASA

U.K. Met Office -- Artificial Satellites

University of Illinois Online Guide to Understanding Satellite Meteorology

Thunderstorms: [ menu ]

Thunderstorms (Wikipedia)

The Anatomy of a Thunderstorm

Weather Chart Symbols: [ menu ]

How to Read Weather Maps NOAA Jetstream Online School

Unisys Surface Data Interpretation

NWS Unified Surface Analysis Manual

Two Sided Weather Chart Interpretation Aid

Weather Station Equipment: [ menu ]

Automated Weather Observing Systems (AWOS) at

Choosing a Data Logging Weather Station (download pdf file)

Comparison table of specifications of several weather stations (download pdf file)

General weather station purchase and installation information (Ambient Weather)

Modular Weather Stations (NOVA LYNX)

WeatherHawk features compared with other stations (WeatherHawk Chart)

WeatherHawk sensor specifications (WeatherHawk Link)

WeatherHawk weather station information (WeatherHawk Website)

Calculators and Conversion Tables: [ menu ]

Air Pressue and Altitude Chart

Conversion Calculator Web Site

Conversion Table - Celsius to Fahrenheit

Conversion Table - Millibars to Altitude

Convert UTC (Universal Time) to Local Time

NOAA Unit Conversion Guide

NOAA Solar Calculator (Earth System Research Laboratory)

Weather Conversion Calculators

[ menu ]

Copyright © 2007